Ethiopia Grade 12 Civics and Ethics Unit I: Building Democratic System

Ethiopia Grade 12 Civics and Ethics Unit I: Building Democratic System Text Book Question Answers: Practice the sample multiple-choice question for Grade 12 Civics and Ethics Entrance examination.

Ethiopia Grade 12 Civics and Ethics Unit I

Unit I: Building Democratic System

A democratic system runs in three ways —Parliamentary, Presidential, and Combined
Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy.

1. Which one following statement is true?

  • A) constitutionalism has existed ever since sate comes into existence.
  • B) Rule of Men and the rule of law are concepts that express similar things.
  • C) A democratic system makes every citizen equal.
  • D) A democratic system creates equal opportunities for citizens

Answers: D) A democratic system creates equal opportunities for citizens

2. Which one of the following countries has combined Parliamentary and Presidential democracy?

  • (A) USA
  • (B) France
  • (C) UK
  • (D) South Africa

3. In which of the following systems do checks and balances work better?

  • (A) Parliamentary Democracy
  • (B) Presidential
  • (C) The hybrid of the two
  • (D) All

4. When the President of a democratic country  has the power to veto bills from Parliament, the system refers to:

  • (A) Presidential Democracy
  • (B) Combined Presidential and Parliamentary Democracy
  • (C) Parliamentary Democracy
  • (D) All

Answers: (A) Presidential Democracy: America (USA) is a good example of Presidential Democracy.

5. Which one of the following is not true of democracy?

  • (A) Rule Of law
  • (B) Legitimate power and authority
  • (C) Rule of men
  • (D) Free and fair election

Answers: (C) Rule of men

6. Parliamentary Democracy is lead by whom?

  • (A) President of the country
  • (B) Prime Minister of the country
  • (C) Supreme court of the country
  • (D) Governor

Answers: (B) Prime Minister of the country

7. Which of the following country is a good example of Parliamentary Democracy?

  • A) France
  • B) USA
  • C) Britain
  • D) China

Answers: (C) Britain

8. Which of the following concept is not related?

  • A) Authority
  • B) Power
  • C) Political
  • D) Geographical

Answers: D) Geographical

9. Legitimate Power arises from the concept of

  • A) Authority
  • B) People
  • C) Political
  • D) Power

Answers: D) People

10. Which one of the following is true in a democratic constitution?

  • (A) Citizens’ right to education
  • (B) Health care
  • (C) Freedom of expressions
  • (D) All of the above.

Answers: (D) All of the above.

11. The FDRE Constitution, Article 29 is referred to.

  • A) Combined Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy.
  • B) It makes every citizen equal.
  • C) It creates equal opportunities for citizens
  • D) Right to freedom of thought, opinion and expression

Answers D: Article 29(2) states: Everyone has the right to freedom of expression without any interference.

12. In 1995 Ethiopia was a ______ type of State?

  • A) Presidential Democracy.
  • B) Unitary State
  • C) Democratic State
  • D) Federal System of Government.

Answers D: Unitary State (A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme)

13. Which of the following Country is a good example of a unitary state?

  • A) United Kingdom
  • B) China,
  • C) Japan
  • D) All of the above

Answers D: All of the above

14. In which year Ethiopia was declared the Federal Democratic Republic.

  • A) 1994
  • B) 1995
  • C) 1996
  • D) 2001

Answers B: 1995

15. Diplomacy is the instrument to execute the ____ policy?

  • A) Internal Policy
  • B) Law and Regulation Policy
  • C) Foreign Policy
  • D) Rights of people policy

Answers C) Foreign Policy, it is an external relationship with other countries. Its promotes cordial relationships with countries for mutual benefits.

 

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