Ethiopian Grade 10 Geography Unit 1: Map Reading Question Answers. The Ethiopian Grade 10 Geography textbook is divided into four units. Here we shall discuss Grade 11 Unit 1: Map Reading question answers which cover Direction On Maps Position On Maps — Map Enlargement And Reduction Relief On Maps —

1. Why Landmarks are important?

• A) It can be easily seen from a distance.
• B) It avoids getting lost.
• C) Help us remember where things are.
• D) all of the above

2. Which of the following place names are associated with winds?

• A) Asella
• B) Debre Mark’os
• C) Nefas Mewicha
• D) Debre Birhan

Answers: C the provincial capital city of Gayent in southern Gonder is known as ‘Nefas Mewicha’ or Source of Wind.

3. Which of the following help us to find our way?

• A) Maps
• B) Compasses
• C) Landmarks
• D) All of the above

4. How many cardinal points are on a compass?

• A) Two
• B) Four
• C) Eight
• D) None of the above

Answers: A (The four cardinal directions are north (N), east (E), south (S), west (W), at 90° angles on the compass rose. )

5. How many points are on a compass?

• A) Four
• B) Sixteen
• C) Thirty-two
• D) None of the above

Answers: C) thirty-two. There are thirty-two points of the compass, but only sixteen are used to describe direction.

6. The direction points coincide with degree points.

• A) True
• B) False

7. Which points of the compass coincide with 3150?

• A) ENE
• B) SE
• C) SW
• D) NW

Answers: D (For example, 00 coincides with N, 800 coincides with E  and 1800 coincides with S, 2700 coincides with S. )

8. Internationally, which direction used as cardinal direction?

• A) East
• B) West
• C) North
• D) South

Answers: C (The cardinal direction could be anyone but at present, internationally, we use North as the cardinal direction and measure all other bearings from this one.)

9. What is bearing?

• A) It is an object.
• B) It is a direction
• C) It is a direction indicated in degrees.
• D) It is a clockwise measurement in degrees.

Answers: C) A direction indicated in degrees is called a bearing.

10. Which lines are known as Meridians?

• A) One set of lines run from the North pole to the South pole.
• B) One set of lines run from the South pole to the North pole.
• C) One set of lines run from the South pole to the East pole.
• D) None of the above

Answers: A) One set of lines run from the North pole to the South pole.  These lines are known as Meridians (or line of longitude).

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